Rank(s): Marine Private
Dates of Service: 4/7/1811 - 9/18/1812
Birth Date: 1771
Patrick Johnson was born in Ireland about the year 1771.
It is not known when Johnson came to America, but prior to 1811 he worked as a farmer or farm laborer. He enlisted in the Marine Corps for five years under Captain Gale at Philadelphia on December 2, 1811. In 1811, Johnson stood 5 feet, 6 inches tall, and had grey eyes, brown hair, and a dark complexion.
As was common for ships refitting at a navy yard, Constitution ’s Marine guard fluctuated frequently. Private Patrick Johnson first came on board Constitution on April 7, 1811 while the ship was at the Washington Navy Yard. He left on 22 April, but returned on June 11, 1812. He was transferred from Constitution on September 18, 1812 at the Charlestown Navy Yard.
Battles and Engagements
Johnson participated in Constitution ’s victory over HMS Guerriere on August 19, 1812 and received $42.62 ½ in prize money.
On November 16, 1812, Johnson transferred from the Marine Barracks at the Charlestown Navy Yard to USS Chesapeake. He was on board on June 1, 1813 when HMS Shannon captured the ship and carried her to Halifax. During the fight Johnson was slightly wounded. He was returned to Boston with the other enlisted prisoners, where he remained at the Marine Barracks until at least August 1815.