Rank(s): Able Seaman
Dates of Service: -
Drummond’s place and date of birth are unknown.
Drummond joined the US Navy as an able seaman on May 1, 1812 and joined Constitution’s crew May 20, at the Washington Navy Yard. He was assigned to long gun no. 6 as fire engine on the second division of the gun deck.
The able seaman was the elite member of the crew. Having sailed for years “before the mast” on merchant vessels or worked his way up through the ranks in the navy, it was on him that the officers relied for the smooth operation of the ship. The traditional requirements for the seaman were that he be able to “hand (furl or take in a sail), reef (reduce a sail’s area), and steer,” but these were in fact the barest requirements for the seaman rating. In addition, they were expected to be familiar with nearly all aspects of shipboard labor. He had to be able to cast the sounding lead, sew a sail with a palm and needle, and understand all parts of the rigging and the stowage of the hold. Furthermore, he had to know how to fight as part of a gun crew or with small arms. It was from the ranks of the able seamen that the petty and warrant officers were drawn. The able seaman made $12.00 per month.
Battles and Engagements
While serving aboard Constitution, Drummond participated in the battles against HMS Guerriere on August 19, 1812 and HMS Java on December 29, 1812. For his role in these victories, he received $42.62 ½ and $42.30 in prize money.
Drummond was discharged from Constitution on February 17, 1813. His place and date of death are unknown.