On a sunny day in November 1867, Chauncey Thomas, Jr. went for a walk. It was the first time the Naval Academy midshipman had been granted “liberty” to leave USS Constitution and the Academy grounds, and he was eager to explore Annapolis.
He and a friend first climbed the twisting staircase to the dome of the Maryland Statehouse, perched on its hill above State Circle. Writing to his father later in the day, the New York native explained that “the view from the steeple is a fine one, but it gave me a thorough disgust for Annapolis. Maryland must be very bad off, as far as cities are concerned, if she cannot find a better and more important place, for its capital, than Annapolis.” The town had suffered in the Civil War, and two years of peace did little to improve its prospects. The same could be said for much of the country, trampled by the marching and countermarching of armies.
It is hard to escape the spirit of one’s age, and for young people growing up in the 1860s, the prevailing attitude was one of sorrow. In England, Queen Victoria’s longtime consort Prince Albert died in December 1861, plunging the court and the nation into mourning. In the United States, the opening shots of the Civil War ushered in four years of death and destruction on a scale never rivaled in American history.
For Thomas and his contemporaries, the appreciation of all that was sublime, picturesque, and wild, a sensibility that had guided the aesthetics of their parents’ generation, had begun to give way before the sadness and horror of their times. The recent upheavals produced a peculiar fascination with realism and instigated an interest in morbidity that pervaded the culture.
After Thomas and his companion left the capitol, “we started out into the country and after walking a mile or two we found a soldier’s cemetery, in which I should think about 1,000 men are buried. They died in a camp which, during the war, was a few miles from the city. At the head of each grave was the name of the occupant, regiment, company, and time of death, painted on a board. One of the graves had on its head-board ‘Unknown.’ That word sent a feeling of sadness over me, and, as I thought of the thousands of graves in the south marked with that same sad word, ‘Unknown,’ I mentally cursed the few ambitious men who were the cause of this loss of life, and who still go unpunished. I am almost ashamed of my country. The cemetery contained men from most all the Northern states.”
He had stumbled on what in later years would become Annapolis National Cemetery. Located on the outskirts of Camp Parole, a Union Army training depot and holding station for paroled Union prisoners awaiting transfer back to their units or home, the cemetery was the final resting place of all the men who succumbed to the camp’s unsanitary living conditions. The camp closed in July 1865, but the dead are still there. The wooden markers have disappeared, replaced by marble headstones. Too many of them still bear the inscription “unknown.”
But life contains shadow and light in equal measure, even for a Victorian youth.
Leaving the cemetery and his melancholy thoughts behind, Thomas returned to campus just in time to watch the “closing scenes of a base-ball match, between the first nine of the 3rd class and the first nine of my own class. Owing to several of our men being on the ‘sick list,’ they beat us, but it was close work the score being 14 to 16 and had they played nine innings we would have beaten them.”
From contemplating the wastefulness of the late war to enjoying the national pastime, Chauncey Thomas’ perambulations were more that a jaunt in the country, they were an exploration of the American spirit in microcosm- always questioning, always improving, always in pursuit of happiness, despite transient setbacks.
As Memorial Day approaches, let us appreciate the sacrifices of all the men and women who have delivered their lives into the hands of their country, and realize they did so to give joy and peace and prosperity to the next generation.
USS Constitution Museum
The USS Constitution Museum serves as the memory and educational voice of USS CONSTITUTION, by collecting, preserving, and interpreting the stories of "Old Ironsides" and the people associated with her. We seek to create a positive, memorable experience for both children and adults by inspiring within them a love for the freedom that CONSTITUTION symbolizes. We will share CONSTITUTION's contributions with a global audience, and we will strive to be the best museum possible based on scholarship and innovative ways of sharing CONSTITUTION's stories.
The Memorandum of Understanding signed by USS Constitution’s CDR Nathaniel Shick, Secretary of the Navy Richard V. Spencer, Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke, National Parks of Boston General Superintendent Michael Creasey, USS Constitution MuseumRead more
Happy Anniversary, “Old Ironsides”! July is a multiple-anniversary month for USS Constitution: The 44-gun frigate began her first cruise the evening of July 22, 1798, under ideal sailing conditions: Steady Breezes fine & Pleasant Weather.Read more
By Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Casey Scoular, USS Constitution Public Affairs USS Constitution and her crew headed underway from the ship’s berth in Charlestown, Massachusetts, on June 8, in commemoration of the 76thRead more
USS Constitution Museum public historian Carl Herzog shares artifacts with guests. Over 160 guests joined us for the Collections Open House & Rum Party on May 16, 2018. This annual event is one ofRead more
USS Constitution Color Guard On May 18, 2018 the Charlestown Navy Yard Partners, alongside the Vietnam War Commemoration, honored the 50th anniversary of the Vietnam War. This event was part of a 13-year program thatRead more
Preservation Philosophies SHIP OF THESEUS Readers may be familiar with the thought experiment known as the “Ship of Theseus.” It is a philosophical conundrum from antiquity and first appeared in Plutarch’s Life of Theseus: The ship whereinRead more
USS Constitution is living history, captured in drawings, paintings, and photographs. The legacy of “Old Ironsides’” victories and the men of iron who served aboard her are chronicled in countless annals. Over the course ofRead more
USS Constitution during her final visit to the Washington Navy Yard in September, 1932. USS Constitution Museum. 1999.1. By David F. Winkler, Guest Contributor Today, USS Constitution is closely associated with the Charlestown Navy Yard,Read more