USS Constitution is no stranger to a presidential visit. Over the past 219 years, several sitting and future United States presidents have paid a visit to the famed warship, beginning with the first launch attempt in 1797 and most recently in the 1990s.

 

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John Adams

Much to the chagrin of Naval Constructor George Claghorn, USS Constitution‘s first presidential visit came during the first, failed, launch attempt on September 20, 1797. President John Adams witnessed the attempted launch, during which the ship skidded a mere 27 feet.

 

James Madison

In 1811, President James Madison visited Constitution in Annapolis, Maryland, while Captain Isaac Hull was busy preparing the ship and her crew for foreign service. Madison declared war against Great Britain the following year on June 18, 1812.

 

Martin Van Buren

On June 24, 1833, Vice President (and future president) Martin Van Buren was in attendance when Constitution entered Dry Dock 1 in the Charlestown Navy Yard for repairs. President Andrew Jackson was also in Boston, but was too unwell to attend the event.

 

Ulysses S. Grant

Following the end of the American Civil War, President Ulysses S. Grant visited Constitution in September 1869. “Old Ironsides” was functioning as school ship for the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland.

 

Rutherford B. Hayes

President Rutherford B. Hayes and his cabinet visited the ship on November 11, 1880 while she was at the Philadelphia Navy Yard for overhaul. At the time, Constitution was one of four ships assigned to the Apprentice Training Squadron.

 

Calvin Coolidge

President Calvin Coolidge, accompanied by the First Lady and Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover, sailed into Boston Harbor from Marblehead, Massachusetts, aboard the presidential yacht Mayflower to visit Constitution on August 8, 1925. Congress had authorized a major restoration for the ship in March 1925.

President Calvin Coolidge and Secretary of the Navy Wilbur hold a mounted lithograph of Gordan Grant's painting of USS Constitution, 1920s. [USS Constitution Museum Collection.]
In this later photograph, President Calvin Coolidge (left) and Secretary of the Navy Curtis D. Wilbur hold a lithograph of Gordan Grant’s painting of USS Constitution. [USS Constitution Museum Collection.]

Herbert Hoover

During Constitution‘s three-coast National Cruise, following the extensive 1927-1931 restoration, Herbert Hoover visited the ship again, this time as president. He, along with the First Lady and Secretary of the Navy Charles Francis Adams, toured the ship on Armistice Day, November 11, 1931, while “Old Ironsides” was docked at the Washington Navy Yard. Hoover visited a third time in 1932.

U.S. Navy Photo via The Captain's Clerk (http://www.captainsclerk.info/)
President and Mrs. Herbert Hoover visit USS Constitution in Washington on Armistice Day, 1931. The man at left with his back to the camera is Secretary of the Navy Charles Francis Adams. [U.S. Navy Photo via http://www.captainsclerk.info/]

Franklin D. Roosevelt

President Franklin D. Roosevelt, a former Assistant Secretary of the Navy, toured USS Constitution during his first visit to the Boston Navy Yard on August 10, 1940. Later that month, on August 24, 1940, the president requested that both Constitution and USS Constellation be recommissioned as symbolic flagships for the Atlantic and Pacific fleets.

 

Ronald Reagan

Ronald Reagan toured the Charlestown Navy Yard and Constitution while campaigning for the United States presidency on August 20, 1980. As president, he presented the World Ship Trust Maritime Heritage Award to USS Constitution in 1987.

President Ronald Reagan presents the World Ship Trust Award to USS Constitution. Commander David Cashman. [USS Constitution Museum Collection.]
President Ronald Reagan presents the World Ship Trust Maritime Heritage Award to USS Constitution and Commander David Cashman (far right) in 1987. [USS Constitution Museum Collection.]

Bill Clinton

While President Bill Clinton never boarded Constitution, he was saluted by her crew in 1997 during a trip to Boston.

 

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Nearly two decades have passed since the last time a United States president visited “Old Ironsides.” Since then, USS Constitution has been designated America’s Ship of State as part of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010. This designation allows the sitting president, vice president, executive branch officials, and members of Congress to use the ship as a venue to host visiting heads of state, sign legislation relating to the Armed Forces, and sign maritime-related treaties. Perhaps a future president will make use of “Old Ironsides'” new designation during the ship’s first presidential visit of the 21st century.

 

– K. Monea

The Author(s)

USS Constitution Museum