Rules and Regulations for USS Congress, May 22, 1800
While the new United States Navy quickly developed a set of universal rules and regulations, each captain also established his own rules and standing orders shaped by his personal approaches to leadership, management, and ship operations. As such, individual rules and regulations are windows into the management style and values of each captain. James Sever’s rules and regulations for USS Congress incorporate most of the standard rules adopted by most captains, but also demonstrate his focus on cleanliness. He gave particular attention to rules restricting where sailors could urinate and defecate on board, along with specific punishments for violating those rules.