What is this?
A Message from the President of the United States, James Madison, Recommending an Immediate Declaration of War against Great Britain. Printed by Roger C. Weightman, 1812
When is it from?
June 1, 1812
Why is it Important?
In his speech to Congress, President James Madison enumerates the several injustices and wrongs committed by Great Britain against the United States, including, amongst other grievances, the impressment of American sailors into the Royal Navy, the harassment of merchant vessels, and the blockading of commerce.
Madison also devotes some attention to the renewed hostilities between certain Native American tribes and the Americans living on the frontier. It was believed that the British encouraged the tribes to attack American settlers, and provided the arms and ammunition to do so.
Thanks to Madison’s long list of American grievances, Congress had the justification it needed to declare war on Great Britain. The House of Representatives voted 79 to 49 in favor of war, with the Senate following suit with a vote of 19 to 13. On June 18, 1812, Madison signed the declaration into law the first time the United States had officially declared war on another nation.
Text © 2010 USS Constitution Museum
An 8.5″ by 5″ 12-page pamphlet. Disbound, with heavily stained pages, and ragged, torn edges.
Learn more (download): Pamphlets Archives